mesquite


mesquite
(mezquite [meskíte], apocope of mizquicuáhuitl 'mesquite tree' < Nahuatl mízquitl 'tree that produces gum that can be used as dye' and cuáhuitl 'tree')
   1) DARE: 1805; Texas: 1834. A shrub or small tree of the genus Prosopis, especially P. juliflora. By extension, a thicket formed by these plants.
   Alternate forms: masketo, mesketis, meskit, mesquiet, mesquit, mesquito, mezquit, mezquite, moscheto, mosquito, musqueto, musquit, skeet.
   2) Texas: 1898. Referenced by the DARE as "a horsemint."
   3) Louisiana: 1913. A variety of huisache, including Acacia farnesiana.
   4) See mesquite grass. The DRAE defines mezquite as an American rubber-producing tree of the Mimosa family, similar to an acacia. An extract obtained from the leaves can be used to cure ophthalmia. Santamaría describes the tree in more detail than the DRAE. He gives the genus and species Prosopis juliflora (Cf. above) and indicates that it is a leguminous tree found in abundance in Mexico. It may grow to a great height, but ordinarily does not exceed seven to nine feet. Its branches are spread apart and don't provide a very complete shade; its leaves are composed of an even number of spiny leaflets; its fragrant white flowers grow in sprays or sprigs; and it produces a beanlike fruit. The tree grows in high altitudes and arid climates, especially in sandy ground near the edge of rivers. Its bark exudes a pungent gum used by some residents of Mexico as a food and as an adulterating agent for gum arabic when dissolved in sugar water. The tree is also valued for its compact heavy wood, which can be polished; its fruit and leaves, which are often used for forage; its seeds, which are toasted and mixed with coffee. When ground into a flourlike substance, the fruit makes a pleasant-tasting drink, and the leaves when boiled are used as a home remedy to cure inflammation of the eyes (the curative is known as bálsamo de mezquite).

Cowboy Talk. A Dictionary of Spanish Terms. . 2013.

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  • Mesquite — Mesquite, NV U.S. city in Nevada Population (2000): 9389 Housing Units (2000): 4442 Land area (2000): 15.309435 sq. miles (39.651253 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.335395 sq. miles (0.868670 sq. km) Total area (2000): 15.644830 sq. miles (40.519923 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Mesquite — Mes*qui te (m[e^]s*k[=e] t[asl]), Mesquit Mes*quit (m[e^]s*k[=e]t ), n. [Sp. mezquite; said to be a Mexican Indian word.] (Bot.) Aany of several small spiny trees or shrubs of the southwestern part of North America belonging to the genus… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mesquite — bezeichnet: Mesquiten, ein Pflanzengattung (Prosopis) Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Mesquite (Kalifornien) Mesquite (Nevada) Mesquite (New Mexico) Mesquite (Borden County, Texas) Mesquite (Dallas County, Texas) Sonstiges: Mesquitewein, einen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mesquite, NM — U.S. Census Designated Place in New Mexico Population (2000): 948 Housing Units (2000): 276 Land area (2000): 0.825660 sq. miles (2.138450 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.825660 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Mesquite, NV — U.S. city in Nevada Population (2000): 9389 Housing Units (2000): 4442 Land area (2000): 15.309435 sq. miles (39.651253 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.335395 sq. miles (0.868670 sq. km) Total area (2000): 15.644830 sq. miles (40.519923 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Mesquite, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 124523 Housing Units (2000): 46245 Land area (2000): 43.415940 sq. miles (112.446764 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.048415 sq. miles (0.125395 sq. km) Total area (2000): 43.464355 sq. miles (112.572159 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • mesquite — type of North American shrub of the pea family, 1759, from Mexican Spanish mezquite, from Nahuatl (Aztec) mizquitl mesquite …   Etymology dictionary

  • mesquite — sustantivo masculino 1. Origen: México, Nicaragua. Mezquite. mezquite o mesquite sustantivo masculino 1. Origen …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Mesquite — [me skēt′] [after the mesquite trees found there] city in NE Tex.: suburb of Dallas: pop. 125,000 …   English World dictionary

  • mesquite — mesquite. m. Méx. mezquite …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • mesquite — m. Méx. mezquite …   Diccionario de la lengua española